Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy :- Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy :-

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy is one type of genetic disorder. In this disorder voluntary muscles are weak day by day.

Introduction Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy :-

  • There are nine different type of muscular dystrophy.
  • This disorder was first recognized by French neurologist Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne in 1860.
  • There are one person affected by this disorder out of 6000 persons.
  • Normally symptoms of muscular dystrophy are appear in early childhood.
  • In muscular dystrophy person died in early adulthood.

Symptoms of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy :-

  • Normally symptoms of muscular dystrophy are appear in childhood at age of 2 to 6.
  • Person have difficulty in walking.
  • A loss of ability to walk.
  • Enlarged calves.
  • Disabilities in learning, which appear in about one third of affected individuals.
  • Person take long time in motor skills development.
  • Fatigue is also symptom of this disease.
  • And rapidly worsening weakness in the pelvis, neck and arms.

    Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
    Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Causes of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy :-

  • Molecular dystrophy is one type of genetic disorder.
  • Those peoples are affected by this disorder so that those all peoples are affected by muscular protein its known as dystrophin.
  • Dystrophin protein keeps the muscle cells intact.
  • The absence of dystrophin protein is rapid muscular degradation in early childhood with muscular dystrophy¬† grows.

Diagnosis of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy :-

  • Muscular dystrophy is diagnosed by prediction of weakness of child muscle.
  • Observe, Lack of coordination in child.
  • By testing of blood sample.
  • Muscle biopsies.
  • In blood test we used the creatine phosphokinase test.
  • In this test muscles are degrade and they release large amount of creatine phosphokinase into blood.
  • When this test detect high levels of creatine phosphokinase, genetic test and muscle biopsies then doctors are examine this type of muscular dystrophy.

Treatment of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy :-

  • On this time, there is no cure of this muscular dystrophy disorder.
  • Treatment of this disease possible when symptoms are less severe.
  • By using of occupational therapy and physical therapy.
  • Steroid also used in the treatment of this disease.
  • Neurologist can also help in treatment of this disorder as a treat to nervous system disorder.

 

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