Category: Molecular Genetics of prokaryotic

Genetic code – Introduction, Initiator codon, Specificity, Non-sense codon

Genetic code :- When Deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) and Ribose nucleic acid (RNA) molecules carry genetic information in living cells its known as genetic code. Introduction :- Genetic code are discovered by Dr. Marshall Warren Nirenberg and Heinrich J. Matthaei in 1961. These codes are highly similar all among microorganisms and can be expressed in

Molecular structure of nucleic acid – Introduction, Watson and Crick model

Molecular structure of nucleic acid :- Molecular structure of nucleic acid  is a structure for Deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) the first note published to study of the double helix structure of DNA by using of X-ray diffraction and the mathematic helix transform. Introduction of molecular structure of nucleic acid :- Molecular structure of nucleic acid

Nucleic acid structure -Introduction, DNA and RNA structure

Nucleic acid structure :- In nucleic acid structure two type of nucleotide bases are present such as purine and pyrimidine. Introduction of nucleic acid structure :- These two nucleotides can combined to form nucleic acid structure in two ways such as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ribonucleic acid (RNA). In nucleic acid structure Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) consist

Post replication modification -Introduction and mechanism

Post replication modification :- The post replication modification is deliberate on freshly synthesized deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) being collected into chromatin. Introduction of post replication modification :- In post replication modification chromatin include the methylation of cytosine debris on hemi methylated DNA and also de novo methylation. The designating of histone proteins with post translational

Transcription -Introduction and steps of transcription process

Transcription :- Cellular process in which ribose nucleic acid (RNA) is synthesized using deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) as a template strand its known as transcription. Introduction of transcription :- In this process a DNA strand is detect by RNA polymerase enzyme. In transcription RNA polymerase enzyme produce complementary and antiparallel RNA strand. In gene expression

Translation -Introduction and steps of translation full overview

Translation :- Translation is a process in which the formation of polypeptide chain (Protein) by decoding of messenger RNA (mRNA) produced in transcription. Introduction of Translation :- Translation is appear in the ribosome which are present in cytoplasm. This process start after messenger RNA (mRNA) enters in cytoplasm. In this process transfer RNA (tRNA) used

Horizontal gene transfer in bacteria and eukaryotes

Horizontal gene transfer in bacteria :- Horizontal gene transfer also known as lateral gene transfer. Horizontal gene transfer is the movement of genetic material in the middle of unicellular and multi-cellular organism. Introduction of horizontal gene transfer :- In Lateral gene transfer genetic material is transfer from one organism to another organism. This kind of

Mutation -Introduction, spontaneous and induced mutation

Mutation :- Changing in nucleotide sequence of deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) or heritable change in genetic material its known as mutation. Mutation is normally appear in somatic cells. Introduction of mutation :- There different types of mutations, Most of mutations are provide harmful effect but some mutations are also beneficial. Mutation can be appear in