Category: Immunology

Skin testing -Methods and preparation of skin testing

Skin testing :- Skin testing is a technique of medical detection of allergies that attempts to provoke a controlled and small allergic response. Methods of skin testing :- There are various method of skin testing but normally three methods are mostly used. Immediate reactions test Delayed reaction test Skin end point titration test   Immediate

Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) – Types, structure and functions

Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) :- Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is set of surface proteins located on the cell membrane of nucleated cells. Introduction of Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) :- Major histocompatibilty complex (MHC) play major role in identify to antigen between self or non-self body, intracellular detection and responsible for antigen presentation. Histo is known

Innate immunity – Introduction, First and Second line of defense system

Innate immunity :- Innate immunity system is also called as non-specific immune system and this immunity present at the time of birth. Introduction of innate immunity :- Innate immunity provide immediate defense against infection. Innate immune system include in both humoral immune system and cell-mediated immune system. Innate immunity  is normally found in all classes

Radio immunoassay (RIA) – introduction, procedure, advantages and disadvantages

Radio immunoassay (RIA) :- Radio immunoassay (RIA) is one type of elegant technology in analytical chemistry. Introduction of Radio immunoassay (RIA) :- Substances are analyzed is in very low quantities, in the order of micrograms and nanograms. Conventional methods like colorimetric and gravimetric method fail in measurement. This technique finds extensive application in the assay

Agglutination reaction – introduction, principle, classification and applications

Agglutination reaction :- Agglutination reaction is the aggregation of particulate matter caused by the combination of particular antibody. Introduction of agglutination reaction :- Agglutination reaction is first discovered by two bacteriologist Herbert Edward Durham and Max von Gruber in 1896. And this reaction is firstly used by French physician Fernand Widal in 1896 for test

Immune response – introduction, types, primary and secondry immune system full overview

Immune response :- The particular reactivity produced in a host by an antigenic provocation is known as immune response. Introduction of immune response :- Immune system is protect against invading microorganisms. Immune system lead to result which can be either beneficial, indifferent or injurious. There are two type of immune response. Humoral mediated immunity Cell

Lymphocytes – introduction, types and functions

Lymphocytes :- Lymphocytes are type of white blood cells and present in vertebrates immune system. Introduction of Lymphocytes :- Lymphocytes in normally found in lymph node. Natural killer cells (NK Cells) are present in the lymphocyte and function of these cells in cell mediated immune response and cytotoxic innate immunity. Function of T-cells is also