Category: Agricultural Microbiology

Bio-fertilizers -Introduction, Types, application and advantages

Bio-fertilizers :- Bio-fertilizers are substances which consist living microorganism for seed, plant surface or soil and used for the improving of soil fertility. Introduction of Bio-fertilizers :- Bio-fertilizers are add minerals through the natural process of nitrogen fixation, stimulating plant growth and solubilizing phosphorus. Biofertilizer is natural fertilizer that are contain inoculants of algae, fungi

Decomposition of animal and plant cell debris by microorganisms

Decomposition of animal and plant cell debris by microorganisms :- When animal and plant cell debris are added in the soil. The different constituent of the soil organic material are decomposed together by the activity of microorganisms. Introduction :- Carbon and nitrogen are used  by plants in the environment. Different nutrients are also changed into

Soil micro environment – Introduction and classifications fulloverview

Soil micro environment :- Soil micro environment is important in the study of microorganisms. Soil micro environment give detail about their function and structure. Introduction of  soil micro environment :- Soil micro environment also important in the how to they affect to soil properties. Soil micro organisms are classified in six major groups. Bacteria Actinomycetes

Humus humic substances – Introduction, contain difderent humic substances and function overview

Humus :- Humus is one type fully decomposed material and stable in the soil organic matter. In soil organic matter humus is most reactive and important component. Introduction of humus :- It is intermediary against the soil is rapid change in acidity, alkalinity and salinity that damage by toxic heavy metals and pesticides. Healthy humus

Surface culture fermentation -Desigen, components and application

Surface culture fermentation :- In surface culture fermentation microbial films can be developed on the surface of sufficient packing medium, can be in the form of fixed bed and  stones or plastic sheet. Principle of surface culture fermentation :- Basic principle of surface culture fermentation involved in the  industrial fermentation technology. In fermentation technology organisms

Submerged culture fermentation -Introduction, procedure and applications

Submerged culture fermentation :- In submerged culture fermentation microorganisms are distribute in liquid nutrient medium at preserved environmental condition. Introduction of submerged culture fermentation :- In this process fermenter which consist the substrate is utilize continuously. And the product biomass is continuously cut from the fermenter by using many techniques. Then the product is centrifuged

Solid state fermentation -Introduction, Major factors and applications

Solid state fermentation :- Solid state fermentation is known as fermentation technique appear in the absence and near absence of free water. Introduction of solid state fermentation :- Solid state fermentation apply natural raw materials as carbon source such as barley, wheat bran, rice bran, cassava bagasse, sugarcane bagasse, palm kernel cakes, soybean cake, ground