Viroids :- Viroids are also known as smallest infectious pathogen. They are solely produced of short strand of circular, single stranded RNA without coat. Introduction of Viroids :- This small microbe is first recognized by Theoder Otto Diener in 1971. Theoder Otto Diener observe this microbe in Potato spindle tuber disease. Viroids are very small
Cystic fibrosis :- Cystic fibrosis is one of the serious genetic disorder that normally affect to the respiratory and digestive system. Introduction of cystic fibrosis :- Cystic fibrosis was first recognized by Dr. Dorothy Andersen in 1938 but the full overview of this disease published in 1949. The damage of respiratory and digestive system from
Neurospora Crassa :- Neurospora crassa is one type of red bread fungi or mold and this fungi belongs to the phylum ascomycota. Introduction of Neurospora crassa :- N. crassa was firstly used by Edward Tatum and Geroge Well Beadle in experiment, such as they exposed N. crassa to x-rays causing mutations. N. crassa is one
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) :- Integrated pest management is the selection of a variety of prevention methods based on ecological, economic and sociological consequences. Introduction of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) :- In this process different condition that attract or are conductive to pest infestations. This pest management can good cure existing infestations and prevent future
Microbial Pest Control :- In microbial pest control insects are known since long ages to become infected with entomopathogenic organisms that form an important factor of the natural mortality. Introduction of Microbial Pest Control :- In microbial pest control, some cases such agents were are responsible for the natural outbreaks of particular epidemien among population
Microbial risk assessment :- Microbial risk assessment (MRA) is a important process for organization tasked with understanding, reducing and controlling risks presented hazardous organisms. Introduction of Microbial Risk Assessment (MRA) :- Hazardous organisms such as natural or anthropogenic and intentional or unintended. MRA is process that used in detection of hazardous characteristics of infectious agent.
Biodiversity conservation :- Biodiversity conservation is required to maintain natural resources for the future generation. Introduction Biodiversity conservation :- Sustainable human development is about living on earth without taking more then can be naturally replaced. Sustainable development is all about good living condition, good health and long-term wealth creation for everybody. These all things are
Sea food :- Sea food is any form sea organism life consider as food by humans and In seafood we include different fish and shellfish. Introduction of Sea food :- In shellfish we include different species of crustaceans, mollusks and echinoderms. Whale and dolphins are belongs to categories of sea mammals and they are also
Bio-magnification :- Bio-magnification is the increasing concentration of a substance such as a toxic chemical in the tissues of organisms at successively higher levels in a food chain. Introduction of Bio-magnification :- Bio-magnification is also known as biological magnification and bio-amplification. In this process pollutants are transfer from one trophic level to another trophic level.
Seed bank :- Seed bank is important in the storing of seeds to preserve genetic diversity of seed. Introduction of seed bank :- This type of seed bank is the reservoir of vegetative seeds. Seed banks are stored seeds at a very low temperature. Petridophytes and spores are preserved in seed banks, but other seedless